Deterministic Regular Expressions with Back-References
(Dominik D. Freydenberger, Markus L. Schmid)
Most modern libraries for regular expression matching allow back-references (i.e., repetition operators) that substantially increase expressive power, but also lead to intractability. In order to find a better balance between expressiveness and tractability, we combine these with the notion of determinism for regular expressions used in XML DTDs and XML Schema. This includes the definition of a suitable automaton model, and a generalization of the Glushkov construction.
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